Perennial, tufted or decumbent, up to 650 mm tall, sometimes cushion-like. Leaf blade long-linear, hard, rigid, wiry or flat and open, often strongly curved or curled, usually tightly rolled at an early stage; ligule a fringe of hairs. Inflorescence a large, open or somewhat contracted panicle with 5-20 spikelets; spikelets solitary, pedicelled. Spikelet laterally compressed, disarticulating above glumes; glumes +/- equal, much longer than spikelet, similar, membranous to chartaceous, 1-3-nerved, glabrous or hairy, awned or awnless. Florets 1 or 2, sometimes with rudiments of a third floret, bisexual; lemma similar in texture to firmer than glumes, membranous, oblong, 7-9(-11)-nerved, not keeled, hairy from between nerves, 2-lobed, lobes entire or shortly 2-toothed, each with a loosely twisted or straight bristle or awn from inner margin, central awn from between lobes, 4 or 5 times as long as lemma; awn flat, twisted, geniculate; callus short, blunt, hairy; palea +/- as long as lemma, 2-keeled, hairy between keels, 2-toothed at apex. Lodicules 2, glabrous or ciliolate. Stamens 3. Ovary obovoid, with a dense tomentum of branched hairs at apex; styles distinct, short, plumose. Fruit an achene with free pericarp, fusiform, subglobose to globose or cuneate.
Species 9, sthn Afr., mainly mountainous areas of Western Cape into adjoining regions of Eastern Cape.