Perennial or annual, tufted, sometimes decumbent at base, stoloniferous, sometimes rooting from nodes; culms decumbent, more rarely erect. Leaf blade and sheaths usually bearing gland-tipped hairs, often viscid; ligule a fringe of hairs. Inflorescence a panicle, open or contracted; spikelets solitary, shortly pedicelled to subsessile. Spikelet slightly laterally compressed, disarticulating above glumes; glumes unequal to +/- equal, +/- as long as spikelet, similar, membranous, green or grey, glabrous or hairy, hairs sometimes glandular, lanceolate, 7-11(14)-nerved, awnless. Florets 4-9, bisexual; upper 1 or 2 florets usually reduced and sterile; lemma dorsally rounded, firmer than glumes, 9-nerved, subcoriaceous, dorsally long-villous towards base, usually scabrid, 6-lobed, lobes alternating with 5 straight, scabrid awns from between lobes; callus minute, pointed, hairy; palea longer than lemma, oblong or elliptic-oblong, 2-keeled, with narrow flaps, stiffly ciliate along keels, cilia very often with interspersed glandular-tipped hairs. Lodicules 2, minute, cuneate, truncate or often with apex shallowly bilobed with gland-tipped hairs. Stamens 3. Ovary glabrous; styles distinct, plumose. Caryopsis ellipsoid. x= 9 (polyploidy).
Species 2, Africa and Pakistan; 2 in sthn Afr., widespread.
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