Mitrastigma Harv.: 20 (1842).
Small trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, petiolate or sometimes subsessile; stipules usually with a truncate to triangular base bearing a decurrent, slightly to very strongly keeled, sometimes foliaceous lobe, or less often lanceolate to ovate and soon caducous. Flowers borne in sessile to pedunculate, clearly branched, umbellate cymes, or very rarely solitary; bracts and bracteoles usually inconspicuous. Calyx with tube broadly ellipsoid; limb a truncate to dentate rim. Corolla 5-lobed, white to yellow; lobes reflexed, usually obtuse to acute; tube cylindrical, inside usually with a ring of deflexed hairs. Stamens 5, arising at corolla throat; filaments well developed; anthers lanceolate to narrowly ovate, attached shortly above base, reflexed. Ovary 2-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; style long, slender, exserted; stigmatic knob cylindrical, always longer than wide. Fruit an ellipsoid to didymous drupe; pyrenes ellipsoid and flattened on ventral face.
Species +/- 100, Old World tropics; 4 in eastern regions of sthn Afr., absent from S Namibia, North-West, Northern and Western Cape.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith