P.Beauv. ex Desv.
Leptocarpus R.Br.: 250 (1810); Masters: 116 (1897); Pillans: 342 (1928) in part.
Plants caespitose or tangled. Rhizomes very short. Culms branching, sometimes sparsely. Leaf sheaths persistent, either closely convolute or somewhat spreading. Maleinflorescence similar to female ones, paniculate with (1-)many discrete, compact spikelets; spathes relatively insignificant. Malespikelets: florets many; perianth compressed; perianth segments 6, outer lateral ones usually boat-shaped, villous to glabrous on midrib; anthers exserted at anthesis. Femaleinflorescence similar to male, but spikelets often somewhat larger. Femalespikelets: bracts cartilaginous or osseous, usually somewhat longer than florets, usually uppermost 1-many fertile; perianth segments cartilaginous or bony, outer lateral perianth segments keeled, rarely winged or villous; staminodes well developed; ovary 1-locular, styles usually 3, plumose, exserted from behind bracts at anthesis. Fruit a soft-walled nutlet.
Species +/- 24, mainly Western Cape, also Northern Cape (Namaqualand) and Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith